Friday, August 11, 2017

Espenido should target Pasay next

Chief Inspector Espenido should be assigned as chief of the Pasay City police. Every one knows that Pasay reeks with the stench of crimes committed in broad daylight. People are robbed, murdered and raped. A journalist friend described Pasay as a "haven of criminals."

Sadly, the Philippine National Police (PNP) is doing nothing about it. And people know why.

Pasay remains as the dumping ground of seized shabu by corrupt cops, to be re-sold on the streets. Some corrupt anti-drug operatives and even, in some instances, PDEA, reportedly "remits" recycled shabu by the tens of kilos a month to satiate the demands for the illicit drugs in Metro Manila.

These drugs are then distributed in other cities and as far as Batangas. This has been the practice since the late eighties. You ask why Pasay? Well, until now, Pasay remains as the "entertainment hub" of the Southern Metro. Pasay is the gateway towards other Southern cities like Paranaque, Taguig, Makati, Muntinlupa. Clubbers and entertainers of bars, joints, casinos and even call centers are regular shabu users.

I understand that the focus of the PNP is Visayas and Mindanao. However, the drug situation in Metro Manila is getting out of hand. Espenido and Bato should make Pasay an example, the way they did it in Osamiz and Leyte.

Para naman walang dudang kaya rin nila Bato and Espenido ang mga big boys, hindi yung mga pipitsuging mayor bisaya. 

O, sige nga, Espenido, pakita mo ang gilas mo laban sa mga kasamahan mong nagbebenta ng bato sa Pasay?

Duterte should create contingency plans before North Korea strikes Guam--if it does

After North Korea publicly announced that it is now capable of hitting any city in the continental USA with its nuclear tipped ICBM, US president Donald Trump threatened the rogue state with "fire and fury". Not to be outclassed, a Nokor general responded by describing Trump as a "man bereft of reason." The North Koreans then described in detail how they intend to launch 4 missiles from their secret base, and how these would fly by Japanese airspace to hit international waters 30 or 40 kilometers away from Guam, the nearest Pacific naval station of the US military. Analysts say this could probably happen on August 21, the day when US and South Korean troops usually hold their joint military exercises.

I don't know with you, but our government must seriously consider intervening between these two war freak countries. Guam is quite near us and these missiles could surely come pass or probably land near us or hit anywhere at us. These stupid monkeys are still testing how their missiles are performing and if they do launch those, and one or two of these missiles fail, the possibility of these missiles hitting the Philippines is big because our country lies at the middle of North Korea and Guam.

Or, if our Foreign Affairs secretary Allan Peter Cayetano thinks that better not to, at least the Duterte administration must consider creating a contingency plan to advise LGUs on what to do in case these war freaks do start the millenial war. Government must be prepared.

Kim Jong Un has been described by our President as an stupid man. North Korean generals shared with the international community how close they are in arming an ICBM with a nuclear warhead. These self-absorbed hawks are just waiting for Kim Jong Un's order to launch those missiles.

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson had given assurances that the US will not move for regime change. Meaning, officially, the US is still open for negotiations. And I think back channel talks have begun between the two states even though their two leaders are stroking the fire for a war.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Bela Padilla is my Darna--sorry, Liza!

Don't get me wrong--- I was one among thousands who thinks Liza Soberano is a superstar to watch for. Soberano is still young, about 19 years old, and she has years ahead of her. She has a face to die for, and a body that other women of her age envy.

When ABS-CBN announced that she's the millennial's answer to Darna, many, including this Writer think of her as a miscast. For one, Soberano is still a young actor. She is still developing her skills, especially in expressing a wide range of emotions.

I think ABS-CBN wants Soberano as the Pinoy's answer to Gal Gadot, the quintessential Wonderwoman who rocked the scene with her angas scenes in the movie Wonder Woman. Millions raved for her as Wonder woman. Though she's already married and at 32 years old, but she rocked it. And you know why?

Gadot knows how to use her beautiful face and extremely athletic body to do justice to the role. She appeals to the millennial not because she belongs to this generation but she truly created a very nice persona as wonder woman. She's beautiful and tough. She's intelligent and brave. She's naive yet principled.

Soberano is too young for the role. Parang hinog sa pilit. She is too cute, too sweet and you can't really imagine her doing tough, ass-licking roles. 

Many would watch her, of course, because she has that magnetic personality on screen. Yet, I really don't see her as the right one for Darna.

Our Darna is a leader. For years, Darna has fought monsters of Philippine society. Imagine Liza Soberano fighting those monsters. You can't flash that sweet smile against tikbalangs. Baka reypin lang siya ng mga yun.

She should be packaged as how Koreans packaged their sweet pretty young things---as pretty young things. She has ten more years to do those romantic roles. Then slowly transition her to more mature roles. Again, I can't really imagine her as Darna.

Who among ABS-CBN's stable of stars do I think deserve a Darna? I think of two: Maja Salvador and Bella Padilla.

Someone criticized me for picking Maja since she's reportedly small (5'2 even 5'1). If she's Darna, many advertisers would bet on her. She's blossomed into this decade's mega, megastar.

Another person who deserves the Darna role is Bella Padilla. I see in her the young Vilma Santos. She is very beautiful, sexy and can act. She has that magnetic connexion with the masses. When she died in Probinsyano, many, I think, millions cried. Padilla can stand up on her own. What's good about her is that hindi nakakasawa siyang tignan. Her face is very appealing. And Bella is a versatile actor.

I hope ABS-CBN reconsiders its decision. If they push thru, Liza's career could dive south this early.

Duterte's flawed logic---peace thru war

I really can't understand the logic of President Duterte, pardon me. 

He wants peace and order, because for him, that's the necessary element to sustain the country's economic growth. I agree with him on this.

What I can't seem to understand is, why pick fights with people whom he refers to as "enemies of the state"? During his predecessor's time, the economy picked up because there were quite a few skirmishes and a very low incidence of sectarian violence. Likewise, in Ramos' time, there were lower incidences of crime and violence inspite of the existence of local terror groups, dreaded drug syndicates, greedy jueteng lords and of course, rebels from the Left and the Right fields.

In just 12 months, Duterte fought a hopeless war with drug lords. That war resulted to 8,000 deaths and rising. Until now, we still don't know how many were just caught between crossfires. That war sparked more violence in the streets, as drug groups fought against honest cops, honest cops fought against bad cops, and bad cops fought against their evil accomplices. With one or two big names killed, most of those "in Duterte's list" are still alive and are still peddling that white powdery stuff in the streets. A million and a half reportedly surrendered, yet most got into the habit again and bought those crytals just 10x higher than last year's prices.

Meaning, Duterte's anti-drugs war only (1) led to the increase in prices, as shabu supplies reportedly dwindled. That's the first impression. A check with a source from the PDEA indicated that shabu prices rose as a consequence of "normal market forces." Meaning, drug manufacturers, their financiers and their chemists remain in the business and are not even afraid of Mr. Duterte. THERE IS STILL A STEADY SUPPLY NOT ONLY OF SHABU, BUT OF OTHER ADDICTIVE AND PROHIBITED DRUGS IN THE COUNTRY.

Worse, Mr. Duterte not only failed in curbing the drug menace----his actions and verbal theatrics created an environment where people, and that includes cops and soldiers, now consider themselves overlords.

Imagine, the President himself suggesting for the abolition of the Commission on Human Rights and even asked cops and soldiers not to follow the orders of the Office of the Ombudsman? I don't know if Duterte forgot that these two bodies are constitutional creations and you can only order for their abolition thru constitutional amendments. Such statements weaken democracy and encourage instead the rule of men, not the rule of law.

I understand why Mr. Duterte is acting like a bitch of cops and soldiers--he's terribly worried that someday he'll get the brunt end of the stick. Mr. Duterte has created so many enemies and defied the law so many times, that it is but natural of him to side with those with arms to protect his tough hide.

I really doubt if Mr. Duterte really meant what he says when he said that he is not afraid of dying. Like what Atty. Bono Adaza once wrote, Mr. Duterte is not the man he portrays himself to be. When he was challenged in a duel with journalist Wally Carbonel, Mr. Duterte reportedly did not even appeared at the very exact day and time.

Aside from stirring the criminal world's hornet's nest, Mr. Duterte challenged extremists by publicly humiliating them and even suggested that they go ahead of their plan to go against the Republic. When they did that indeed, Mr. Duterte immediately declared martial law and like a child with his new toy, did not even flinch when he ordered the "surgical bombing" of Marawi City.

It has been sixty plus days already, and this war in Marawi has led to about 700 dead, 250,000 lives displaced and cast a deep shadow of doubt as to the economic future of Mindanao. Worse, it has created deep resentments among Maranao Muslims and Lumads who now vow to fight Mr. Duterte. I will not be surprised if this war turns into a bigger one in the next few months. The subject of the operations, the Maute Brothers and Isnilon Hapilon are reportedly on the lam, and no one knows where they are.

Mr. Duterte is so confident that he has given his complete trust to the military. Truthfully, Duterte has no choice. He is a victim of a trap. He has given all his political capital to this war and this Martial law that, if these two fails, Duterte risks being deposed similar to the fate which befell Mr. Estrada in 2001.

For us, Mr. Duterte is the evil incarnate, the would-be Hitler, who orchestrates violence in Mindanao and the rest of the country.

What we failed to realize is that Mr. Duterte is now a virtual slave of reactionaries and militarists, dummies of oligarchs, who uses him only as a populist prop while they do their thing ridding this country of its precious public funds and resources.

As what I wrote in this blog several months ago, Duterte will fall by his own sword. If he fails in this, Duterte has no one but himself to blame. He is being misled to believe that those surveys gave him the widest latitude and the stable public support necessary to further his ambitions and schemes.

Mr. Marcos fell at a time when he himself, enjoyed a very high public satisfaction rating. The Marcos loyalists were not able to move fast and in time to save their idol from destruction when the progressive forces moved to replace the ageing dictatorship.

If Mr. Duterte thinks that he can replicate what Macoy did in 1972--declare a nationwide Martial law--he is definitely mistaken. There is now a strong and emerging force ready to directly oppose him in an armed confrontation should he and his militarists decide to throw their fate in the political gameboard.

And since Mr. Duterte is fond of history, let me refresh his memory and bring him back to 1986 and 2001-2002. Mr. Duterte is no Macoy and he is not as popular as Estrada. Estrada has a segment of the progressive forces with him when he fell from power in 2001.

With his pronouncement that he is closing his doors for the Left, Mr. Duterte, again, wagered so much political capital.

Mr. Duterte fails to realize that he needs true friends to be with him especially at this time when he is being held hostage by militarists and reactionaries. He can't rely on trapos. He is mistaken if he thinks that these politicians would actually lift even their puny little finger for him when the surge of dissent against his rule begins. These people will sit by the sidelines if violence breaks out.

His political ally, Senate president Pimentel is weak. And so does Speaker Alvarez inspite of his highly public asta. PDP-Laban, for all its posturings, is a paper tiger. No, I am sorry---it is an inflated lion.

At the start, Mr. Duterte and his advisers were right when they decided to maintain strong ties with the Left. Historically, it is the Left which worked doubly hard against the country's two perceived dictators--Marcos, a real dictator and an Estrada who was publicly maligned and falsely accused of being a dictator.

With Mr. Duterte's almost daily threats against the Left, there is a possibility, a strong one, of a fully consolidated Left movement before the year's end. Sison's interview over QRT GMA7 is very incisive---the Left is mulling three options: a. still work out a peace settlement with this administration, b. work for Mr. Duterte's ouster or c. struggle still for the eventual victory over the reactionary state. Sison says the first two options are feasible and are easy. And he's right.

The Left is not a pushover. It is still a force to contend with, not because it has an active armed component--it has a more than 10 million mass base throughout the country, even bigger than the MILF-MNLF combined. The AFP knows that it does not have enough resources and force to fully end the insurgency. This is a lesson which the AFP knew even before 1986--and that explains why it has to sacrificed its strong ties with the dictator because the Left is capable to tilting the balance of power.

If Mr. Duterte continues its war-like posturing, he is committing a very grave error. By misjudging and misinterpreting what is happening on the ground, Mr. Duterte stands to lose this eventually.

A resurgent and fully consolidated Left is definitely a force that could prolong violence and impede the further economic growth of this country. With this insurgency, you cannot force a military solution. Past leaders have known this to be true, and if I'm Mr. Duterte, I will not tempt the Fates especially at this juncture in our history when people's patience is getting very, very thin.

Duterte asks for respect

During a confrontation with protesters, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte repeatedly asked rallyists to give him "respect." He has been talking and explaining things before them, and some rallyists began shouting slogans before him.

We ask---did Mr. Duterte gave us, the Filipino People, respect:

  • Every single time he utters those profanities before our very faces and infront of national television?
  • did he gave respect to the 8,000 Filipinos killed, most of them summarily executed whom he thinks of being a non or sub-human, unworthy of every respect because to him, they are already "zombies"?
  • when Duterte ordered the bombing of Marawi city, did he gave respect to the residents, whom he treats as his "kababayans" for being a Maranao daw? 
  • did Duterte gave respect  to the Muslim Filipina, when he assured soldiers that he will protect them even if they commit rapes during the Marawi city siege?
  • did he gave respect even to his own professor, Joma Sison, whom he urged to commit suicide?
  • did he gave respect to the millions of workers who voted for him by giving them hope that within six months he will eradicate endo?
  • did he gave respect to the taxpayers who now would suffer from higher prices of goods the minute the tax reform law takes effect?
  • did he gave respect to us, Filipinos, when he unilaterally decided to enter into a joint exploration agreement with China?
  • did he gave respect to thousands of families affected by mining when he refused to use his vast powers to influence the Committee on Appointments to finally vote for Gina Lopez's permanent appointment as DENR secretary?

Respect, as they say, is earned. There is a universal law about this---do unto others what you want others do unto you. 

You disrespected us, your fellow Filipinos? Then, we will disrespect you.

You might be sincere in your love for the country, Mr. President, but what's in your mind conflicts with what is truly in your heart. 

You believe that you are a Leftist and a Nationalist, but deep down, within, you are a true-blue, dyed in the wool, Fascist. 

You know your history, Mr. President. Fascists are a dying breed. 

Friday, July 21, 2017

Many are wondering what is Digong's end game? Why is he waltzing with the military and fuelling violence in the already war-stricken South? What is the end game?

Before I answer this question, let me propound a different question--is Digong following a script? Yes, he is.

Those in the know already know that our Republic teeters near a precipice. We elected a sickly 71 year old at the helm and we don't have a credible leader who is equally endeared by the masses. Succession is always our problem as a nation. Our tribalist past is clearly and deeply etched in our DNA that we fight amongst ourselves so much and so fiercely that we only stop when the fighting has already nearly destroyed everything we worked together for centuries.

With this in mind, people behind Digong, these ideological shadows that provide him nightly satisfaction with historical lessons coupled with streaks of glory, have succeeded in tagging Digong along in a somewhat "revolutionary journey" which began by campaigning for their man to be the "last man standing"

And they already accomplished their goal. The problem though---their leader is old and sick. He may have the mind of a 39 year old, and a heart of a 20 year old, but he has a body as heavy as a 76 year old.

Sunday, July 16, 2017

When men dream of raping and violating women

Is there truth to what Philippine president Rodrigo Roa Duterte just recently told Filipinos that "men have balls if they rape Miss Universe candidates"? What do researches and studies show?

One research "Understanding violence against women" tries to shed light on the causes of this continuing violence of men against women. Based on this book, there are two lines of inquiry: examination of the behavior of offenders and consideration of heightened vulnerability of women to violence. In looking at behavior of offenders, researchers found these factors as evident:

"biologic factors such as androgenic hormonal influences; evolutionary theories; intrapsychic explanations focused on mental disorder or personality traits and profiles; social learning models that highlight the socialization experiences that shape individual men to be violent; social information processing theory concerning the cognitive processes that offenders engage in before, during, and after violence; sociocultural analyses aimed at understanding the structural features of society at the level of the dyad, family, peer group, school, religion, media, and state that encourage male violence and maintain women as a vulnerable class of potential victims; and feminist explanations stressing the gendered nature of violence against women and its roots in patriarchal social systems. "("3 Causes and Consequences of Violence Against Women." National Research Council. 1996. Understanding Violence Against Women. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5127: 50)


"Studies of male batterers have found that some batterers confine their violent behavior to their intimates but others are violent in general (Fagan et al., 1983; Cadsky and Crawford, 1988; Shields et al., 1988; Saunders, 1992; Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart, 1994). The research suggests that, at least in some cases, there may be differences in the factors that cause violence against women and those that cause other violent behavior. ("3 Causes and Consequences of Violence Against Women." National Research Council. 1996. Understanding Violence Against Women. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5127)

We learned from these studies that: men with mental disorders or personality traits usually undertake violence against women and some of these batterers "confine their violent behavior to their intimates" but "others are violent in general."

Again, let's ask ourselves---what led men such as Mr. Duterte to think that violence against women is "masculine" and "proof of masculinity"? A study about man box supports Mr. Duterte's thinking. The socialization of man in society immerses him in an environment where certain beliefs and values are considered "masculine" and therefore, expected to be acted out by men in their societies.

and what better way for a man to express his "masculinity" than wish violence for women. The most pervasive form of violence against women is rape (Tough Guise: Men, Violence and the Crisis in Masculinity, 1999)

But what kind of man do you think, again based on research, are those who always and even publicly wishes rape and mentions rape and violence against women?

Richard Ryan, a professor of psychology at the University of Rochester, in his study of human destructive behavior exhibited by homophobes and men against gays, lesbians and even women, says that these men should undertake a self-examination because there is a very strong evidence that the reason why they exhibit strong reactions against the other sex smacks of homosexuality.  Men who wish harm against homosexuals or gays are, according to Ryan, probably also gay.

"This study shows that if you are feeling that kind of visceral reaction to an out-group, ask yourself, 'Why?"Those intense emotions should serve as a call to self-reflection."

Let us hear Ryan again:

"Sometimes people are threatened by gays and lesbians because they are fearing their own impulses, in a sense they 'doth protest too much,'" Ryan told LiveScience. "In addition, it appears that sometimes those who would oppress others have been oppressed themselves, and we can have some compassion for them too, they may be unaccepting of others because they cannot be accepting of themselves."

Writing for the Guardian, Julie Bindin interviewed Andrea Dworkin, a rape victim about what she thinks rape is. Dworkin is quoted as saying this:

"Rape is a sadistic act of punishment. We are raped by men who hate us, not by those who desire us so much they have no self- control. They do it to control us and then they tell us we are mad for imagining it happened because we are not good enough for them to violate, abuse and colonise. The truth about rape and sexual assault is ugly."

So rape is a kind of punishment and those who do that are men "who hate us (us here means women)."

Summarising what we know so far:

1. Men thru their socialization process, are made to believe certain values which are considered "masculine" or male. These kinds of behavior establishes masculinity or are considered proofs of masculinity. One form of behavior is violent behavior.

2. One of these behaviors is violence. Rape is one form of violence by a human against his fellow human.

3. A study shows that those who hate other sexes, are actually people harboring same-sex feelings themselves but unable to express these in public. Meaning, a man who hates a gay, is probably gay himself.

4. Closet gays are most feared because they can't express themselves fully, and research shows, most closet gays hate women because they hate themselves. Psychologists say this is a mental disorder or a personality disorder.

5. A person with such disorders wishes violence upon another. Rapists are one. They rape women because they want to punish them. The cause of their behavior--hate. Rape is a form of punishment. And when one wishes rape upon a woman, that means that that person wishes to punish that woman.

Finally, what do we now say about Mr. Duterte again using the podium only reserved to Philippine presidents (whenever Mr. Duterte now speaks, he speaks on behalf of the Philippine Republic and on behalf of the Filipino people).

1. Mr. Duterte probably wishes to punish women with rape.
2. Some of those who hate women are closet gays.
2. Rape is a sexual form of hate.
3. Mr. Duterte is possibly a closet gay.

Saturday, July 15, 2017

Mayweather vs. Conor McGregor fight heading for the humdrum kingdom

A UFC fighter versus a professional 40-0 boxer, who'll emerge victorious? Millions have speculated about the odds of a UFC fighter lasting even a round or two in the ring with a boxer who has spent hundreds of hours locked in a brutal fight with other classy pugilists. Go to Youtube, and you'll find that this UFC vs. Boxer idea is one among hundreds pitting one martial arts form with another.

One such Youtube video involves 15 year old Amateur boxing champion Rakeem Nealy in a sparring session with UFC professional fighter Jaime Alvarez (6-1).  A boxing promoter probably saw how 2.5 million people thought of this as a cool thing, and voila, you have your Mcgregor vs. Mayweather fight.

Of course, this Mayweather vs. Mcgregor fight promoter probably did not saw another video, this time between a Russian truck driver and an MMA professional fighter which garnered 3 million more views than this Nealy vs. Alvarez sparring bout.

I'm old enough to know that the more pre-fight hoopla, the more chances of this fight heading towards a mediocre ending. Reports about this fight have centered on Mcgregor's racist remarks and Mayweather's treating the Irish 29 year old fighter like his man bitch.

These colorful coverages are there to blur the statistics between the two. These verbal exchanges are meant to confuse and befuddle the bettors of this fight. And based on my observation, promoters want to increase bets on Mcgregor eventhough odds are surely stacked against him.

Observers of boxing know that:

1. There is simply no chance for Mcgregor to win this fight since no neophyte fighter has ever won against a veteran of many wars. Mcgregor may have that power punches and kicks, but compared with Mayweather's tactics and antics in the ring, the Irish man's skills are simply no match against the American's. I predict an early knockdown, with Mcgregor kissing the canvas as early as the third or fourth.

2. The dimensions of the ring is also a factor why I believe Mcgregor would simply wither away once he engages with Mayweather. UFC rings are octagonal which allows more space for kicks and punches. Professional boxing rings are rectangular which provides for increased chances of two fighters engaging early on. It would be too late for McGregor the minute Mayweather lands his patented punches on his face and body coz he'll be strolling along Dreamtown boulevard.

3. We all know that power punches depend on weight. A 210 pound man can throw a more lethal punch than, say a 120 pound boxer. Reports say, both fighters agreed to fight on the 154 lb weight, which is a disadvantage for Mayweather, according to reports, since he has been fighting at the 147 lb weight class since 2007.

This news item seemed to suggest that Mcgregor is at an advantage but if you think of this, this is actually a plus for Mayweather because it increases the boxers' muscle and knockout power when you put on another 10 pounds on him. Mayweather is already forty years old and it's natural for his body to take on that extra ten. Mayweather is gunning on a knockdown and since Mcgregor is not a Speedy Gonzales type, similar to Manny Pacman Pacquiao, extra poundage for Mayweather is okey and it makes him stronger and with his height, it would be natural for him to move a little slower yes, but more lethal than before.

So, thinking of betting for this fight? Keep your money, and just watch this on regular TV. This fight is more for entertainment, rather than a serious one between two serious practitioners of the art.

The fact is, this fight aims to boost the stock of both UFC and boxing. These two martial arts forms are losing audiences for the past few years, mainly because there's simply no one exciting enough to watch. And that fake wrestling body called WWE is the one laughing all the way to the bank.


Friday, July 14, 2017

When a state uses terror to impose itself upon its citizenry, what now?

What right do you have if a particular government or state does not necessarily pursue the national will as expressed in the laws and the Constitution? Do citizens have a remedy when a government of a state uses coercive power just to impose its legitimacy over its constituents?

Many are criticizing Mr. Duterte over his morals. Many, especially that segment of our society who consider themselves as "morally upright" always take umbrage over social media when Duterte starts cursing again. This segment I call the "urbanidados," those who are accustomed to see a state exercising Victorian like behavior.

In the real world, having or even exercising a moral code does not work anymore. The world is harsh. It is peopled with groups of influentials with their own interests. These groups use money and political influence in pursuit of both their fiduciary goals and power trips. When the social order is dictated not by laws, but of men, being moral is not anymore the proper response to such violenvce  of the times. Machiavelli is even more emphatic---one should be above the others to maintain power and political legitimacy.

Duterte's behavior was a cause of concern during his first half of the year rule. As expected however, people are now beyond his curses and are now focusing rather closely on his policies. Which policies support the national will as expressed in the Constitution and which policies do not? Which campaign promises were effectively met and which were not?

Really now, if we are to judge Mr. Duterte on behavior alone as a basis of support or non support, I am sure the president already received a bad score and probably had been languishing in jail now. Mr. Duterte should be assessed based on his adherence and competence in governance.

What if his public pronouncements are treated as policies? Then, we have a problem, a problem so serious that it took an Ombudsman, Conchita Morales, to point this out to us.

Today, Morales took the floor and says that it is extremely dangerous for Mr. Duterte to issue statements of support with the likes of Superintendent Marcos who was one among many cops accused of murdering or assassinating an elected official suspected of drug dealing. Morales sees Mr. Duterte's statements as encouragements for bad behavior.

During Marcos' time, the Philippine Constabulary which served as the police force, came under extreme fire from the population for their legendary abuses in human rights and their militarist approach to public order and security.

For over 30 years, we struggled to transform the PC into what is now our Philippine National Police (PNP) with an obvious intent to make it act more like a civilian organisation rather than militarist. Thousands of hours were spent researching, experimenting and training PNP personnel on the proper ways of securing order in society without breaching the Bill of Rights. After many years, the relationship of the PNP with the general population took a positive turn mainly on the basis of effective leadership and stewardship of leaders such as now Senator Panfilo Lacson, Roberto Lastimoso and Edgardo Aglipay. These leaders held the organisation together and effected discipline among the ranks and got the public's approbation.

Yes, there were several instances of abuses committed even during these leaders' time yet not as monumentally brutish compared with what is happening now.

Extra-judicial killings are on the rise, a tacit violation of the social contract of the Duterte administration with those of the Filipino people. We simply don't know how many of those 8,000 people killed during this second phase of anti-drugs campaign were innocent victims or really guilty. What we try to gloss over is the fact that whether a person killed during these times is innocent or entirely evil is irrelevant. The fact is, we have laws and a Bill of Rights to follow. Justice is blind. It does not distinguish. It gives value to forensic evidence, acts consciously undertaken which violates agreed norms of behavior. It does not speculate. It avoids metaphysical assertions.

We condemn the New People's Army and the Abu Sayyaf Group for their Kangaroo courts and how they dispense justice in their respective territories but we simply ignore the wanton disregard for life, liberty and property of some of our police forces over the lives of ignorant, poor and destitute folks living in depressed communities.

When states act like brutes and behave like how terrorists do, what now? On whose laws do we derive legitimacy?

Some theorists say it is perfectly legitimate for states to use coercive force against its people for self-preservation. I agree. Such a statement is acceptable when the state is besieged by its political enemies, or at war with other states, or simply incapable of asserting control over its territory.

Do we experience such a state now? Do we have general disorder? Is our bureaucracy functioning well below our expectations? Are we so poorly governed and is there disobedience and widespread anarchy that justifies the use of coercive force upon us, citizens of this Republic?

When the very leader of a state encourages its security forces to behave like terrorists, then, what now? Are we going to sit and watch these ghastly and bloody events past by without any of us even lifting a finger?

We need to go beyond the issue of political legitimacy and question the avowed policies of the present dispensation and try to compare these with the stated policies as expressed in our Constitution.

The fact is, the Constitutionalist amongs us, those persons who believe in the supremacy of the Basic Charter, should take the bull by the horns and lead in the charge.

We agree that we live in a country peopled by different tribes, of differing values and sets of traditions. This Constitution simply holds us together. It expresses our collectivity.

Our collectivity and unity as a people is not abstract or theoretical--it is Constitutional. When masses of people who deemed themselves "Filipinos" voted en mass for the implementation of the 1987 Constitution, they did so on the basis of their conformity with the expressed provisions contained therein. These Filipinos gave their individual freedoms to the state on the presumption that the state is the means to realize the will as expressed in that basic charter.

That is the social contract.

When the very state itself promotes the breach of this Constitution, when the state itself promotes violence upon its citizenry and when the state uses coercive force just to prove its political legitimacy, then, this contract just simply, fades away, as if no contract ever existed.

There is simply no recourse but to take action simply on the basis of insulating not just this present generation from the genocidal atrophy and the moral paralysis afflicting our society right now.

When we allow such sacrileges against our collective values, we are rewriting our very Constitution unwittingly or wittingly and allowing men with viscous behavior dictate themselves upon us without our legitimate agreement.

When these things happen, what then prevent us from revolting against this assault of our values? Nothing! We must exercise our Constitutional right to conservative revolution when our leaders try to change our system and allowing their own concepts to rule over us sans our expressed support. David Williams (1994) said so himself in his article, " The Constitutional Right to Conservative Revolution"--that peoples have the constitutional right to revolution to preserve the very Charter that promotes order.

Meaning, we revolt based on a just cause--a cause to preserve the collective values expressed in this Constitution which is being assaulted by people who derived their power from the very charter they are now consciously setting aside and are in effect, trying to destroy.

Thus, revolution now becomes a civic duty of all citizens who believe in the supremacy of the Constitution and the law.

What surveys about the Duterte administration don't tell us

Hegel's conception of the state as an expression of rational will may not apply to our present concept of the state. Hegel believes that men created states as expressions of their freedoms. These freedoms, although individualized, are collectivized at some point when individuals themselves find reason to subsume their individual freedoms and rights over to the universal freedom which actualizes itself thru the state. When the state ceases to actualize collective will, it ceases to exists.

What, then, is our collective will? Can we summarize collective will thru surveys or Focus Group Discussions? How reliable are surveys?

Surveys are not exactly reflective of the totality of public sentiment. As what these survey firms emphasize, surveys collect data from a sample of the population and extrapolate results from there. Some are pretty accurate, while some leave doubts in the minds of many especially when results are so unbelievable.

There is a current debate on whether surveys do provide us with a complete picture of reality. The elections in the United States is one example. Surveys upon surveys point to a Hillary Clinton victory. In the end, it was Trump who emerged from the shadows after initially throwing a warning of a possible rigged elections. Trump cruised easily thru electoral college and eventually got himself elected as president.

What happened in the US happened here in the Philippines. Prior to his election as president, Duterte also warned the people of possible electoral fraud. Unlike Trump who did so a few days prior to the elections, Duterte's warning came a full two months and a half.  Duterte's warning may have been part of campaign propaganda to preserve their gains over their opponents. Yet, the similarities between the two campaign strategies of both presidents are uncanny.

Duterte's ascension to popularity is due to his impeccable timing. He peaked at the right time, which is close to the elections. Like Trump, Duterte threw caution out of the window and spoke like how a grandfather speaks with his fellow septuagenarians in some dinky street corner. Unmistakably clear language caught the public's attention while confusion reigned among opposing elite groups.

Surveys did not exactly catch "the drift" and even now, there is no clear determination as to the patterns or trends generated by public support behind Duterte. What surveys show are trust and satisfaction ratings which could be attributed to improved bureaucratic efficiency, which, to those who know the real score, came from years of better legislation and adoption of newer technologies. Meaning, improvements in public service may simply not be the direct result of Duterte's efficiency as a public servant, but more of a systemic improvement caused by legislation or previous Executive action. Duterte maybe reaping the goodwill now due to the work undertaken by his predecessor which are being felt only now. 

What am I saying here? We correlate the expression of public will with net satisfaction and trust ratings when there is simply no correlation at all. There is simply no surveys out there which catch the real public sentiment when it comes to national will. An interdisciplinary approach is pertinent here, not just surveys.

We are also being misled to believe that trust and satisfaction ratings give this administration its legitimacy. No.

Political legitimacy is based on how people behave. When people act in conformity with the state's stated norms of behavior, then legitimacy surely exists. We all know that legitimacy rests in the observance of a social contract between the government and the governed. This contract has to be observed by those who govern, and the only action expected of the governed is to follow what those who govern tell them to do. Problems or irregularities come to the fore when the actions intended by the state are not visible within a particular society.  Max Weber says it very plainly:

“the basis of every system of authority, and correspondingly of every kind of willingness to obey, is a belief, a belief by virtue of which persons exercising authority are lent prestige” (Weber 1964: 382)

Weber expands this by saying that a state is legitimate when people believe that the existing system has been in existence for so long that tradition dictates people to follow it. Another thing that gives a government a form of legitimacy is when people are following a charismatic leader or people respect the rule of law. When one or three of these factors is or are broken, then, state violence begins to take a more dominant place in that society.

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Filipinos Foreigners Love: Bruno Mars

Who does not know Bruno Mars as half-Pinoy? His mother is half-Pinoy with some Spanish blood in her while his father is Puerto Rican-American. He grew up in Hawaii, exposed to various musical genres since both parents were performers.

This video below has now garnered 2.5 BILLION VIEWS and growing. It's the 3rd most watched videos on

The music is refreshing and new especially to those accustomed to urban pop, rap and rock. It has influences from Prince, and other Black funk singers. That's why it is appealing to more than 2 billion people (Or, am I exaggerating. These are views. Nevertheless, I think in actuality, this video has truly breached the billion people mark)

Why is Bruno Mars so successful he is even at Forbes Top 30? Well,

1. He's talented. He has a voice uniquely his, not a copy of this singer or that singer. When you hear his songs, immediately if you well informed, you'll identify it as "Bruno's"

2. He has his own style, which is a fusion of various other styles and genres.

3. He is real and simple. Take a look at his videos. It's not raunchy. It just sells music and fun.

4. He appeals to a cross-section of the global market because he does not want people to box him in a particular sound.

5. He does not use sparkles just to make himself sparkle. His voice and stage presence are his sparkles.


Filipinos Foreigners Love: 4th Impact

I don't care if they are not considered eye candy by some. And I don't fuckin care if they have been competing since 16 years ago, and just placing 8th or 3rd in major international competitions like UK's X Factor 2015, but 4th IMpact is simply amazing.

This girl band composed of sisters from a brood of 8, hails from Isabela, Cagayan, a province up North of the Philippines. They have been competing since 2001 because these girls want nothing more than put food in the table. Like 30% of Filipino families, the Cercado family's life is a hand-to-mouth existence.

Their father (who is reportedly sick with a brain illness) works as a scrap collector and seller while their mother works odd jobs. Mindful of their situation, the Cercado sisters decided to form themselves as a band and joined competitions to put food on the table.

Of course, they did not win the X Factor UK 2015 competitions because some fans think they are fakes. And who would not have that idea? They are impeccable on stage. They have amazing voices. They dance pretty well on stage and they have an electric presence which fans love.

However, two years had passed and we don't see them at the stratosphere of popularity yet. Why? Because I think they are mishandled. Like other Filipino talents who go global, the 4th Impact is stuck with doing covers that they forgot that one important thing that would really make them a success--an album or group of songs which they can call their own.

And you know why, until now, they are not selling records? I think because they believe that pop is the way to go. As for these girls, I think they are not really thinking what genre they want themselves in.

Hey girls, don't re-invent yourselves anymore. Cherly, Simon and Rita Ora already gave you your images--you are bad-asses. You have the voices, and the swagger. Just develop the swagger. Don't be a Adriana Grande---be a Jessie J. The world need bad ass girls now, after Destiny's Child or that British girl band sensation, " The Spice Girls." There is a market out there for singers and bands who sing songs for bad-ass girls.

And please, throw those diva costumes. They are not working. You are not fashionistas. Do the sexy urban outfits. That will do since Selena, one of the sisters, has a charm that borders on being demure yet sexy, like, as they say, a cat.

This video of the 4th IMpact which is now garnering close to 86 milllion views already throughout the world, should be seriously studied by whoever handles this band. This first audition video has shown the world how spunky Filipino girls are, and this is the image that the public loves about 4th Impact.

Don't do traditional pop, or ballads. Reinvent the wheel. Show some spunky, bad ass pop. Think of Bruno Mars or Jessie J or Rita Ora when you do your own original songs. Maybe thru 4th Impact, this is also a great time to introduce Pinoy Rappers like, Gloc9 unto the global stage.

A Glo9 song with 4th Impact would make it globally for as long as the song shows the underground urban culture that is sweeping not just the undercurrents but even aboveground Pinoy music lovers.

Go girls, show them what Filipina girls are like---demure, sexy and fighting for their place in the world. That should be your image. And, believe you me, there would be millions out there who would identify themselves with you and buy your records.